[Unaccompanied Minors: Individual Trajectories Confronting Politics]. - Université Sorbonne Paris Nord Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Santé mentale au Québec Année : 2021

[Unaccompanied Minors: Individual Trajectories Confronting Politics].


Objectives The article presents the clinical description and discussion of a 17 years old Moroccan unaccompanied minor who migrated on his own to France. This case illustrates the complexity of the foreign unaccompanied minors' trajectories and the challenges of the clinical and institutional accompaniment provided in France. In the lights of the results of our clinical work and research, we suggest transcultural tools and perspectives that facilitate the construction of a narrative and that reinforce trust with the professionals-care givers working along with this population. Creativity is needed in the care of foreign isolated young people, in the absence of the family. Past traumatic experiences in these youths' lives hinder the process of building trust in the host country's educational accompaniment. Method In the framework of our action research, we describe the transcultural therapy setting created by our team to address the unaccompanied minors' psychological distress. Aiming to encourage the emergence of a life narrative that had been obstructed and ruptured by traumatic experiences, we resort to various tools facilitating the storytelling (objects, circle test, mediators interpreters, transcultural interpretations). Results The discussion follows three stances: the anthropological perspective focusing on the specific situation of the harraga-young people wandering both on the psychic and physical levels-, the political perspective, and the trauma clinic perspective. The enhancement and deepening of the cross-cultural skills of social workers strengthen their resources and provide them with better tools to accompany these young people. Additionally, results highlight the impact of the political discourse and strategies in the social workers' self-perception and the strains it creates in their daily work. Conclusion The transcultural approach addressed to unaccompanied minors relaunches the identity construction process in adolescence, impeded by their traumatic journey in migration. This implies restoring coherence in the life path of young people despite the rupture caused by the migration, often reactivated by new separations during the repetitive changes of foster homes. The unaccompanied minors have the possibility, through this clinical setting to depict an accurate representation of themselves, to develop narratives that can outgrow the preconceptions associated with their status, opening a brighter way for their individual destinies.


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Dates et versions

hal-03224498 , version 1 (11-05-2021)


  • HAL Id : hal-03224498 , version 1
  • PUBMED : 33651934


Rahmeth Radjack, Fatima Touhami, Mayssa’ El Husseini, Asmaa Bernichi, Yoram Mouchenik, et al.. [Unaccompanied Minors: Individual Trajectories Confronting Politics].. Santé mentale au Québec, 2021, 45 (2), pp.97-113. ⟨hal-03224498⟩
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